As villagers attended the primary Friday prayers after per week marked by two main earthquakes and aftershocks, they returned to Karang Baro Mosque which was so broken they gathered outdoors for worship.
Joined by volunteers and Indonesian Nationwide Cops, about 300 individuals heard a sermon by Guru Lalu Ahmad asking for energy in dealing with the catastrophe and persistence, sorely wanted by the devoted who had been ready by way of development for the official opening of their mosque now too harmful to enter.
WATCH: First Friday Prayers at Karang Baro Mosque After the Earthquakes
Throughout Lombok, officers estimate the key earthquakes August 5 and August 9, magnitudes 6.9 and 5.9 respectively in accordance with the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), destroyed greater than 100,000 houses. Within the village of Prawira, it seems as if many of the homes constructed of concrete, just like the mosque, are near collapse, if not felled.
However Raden Prawangsa Jaya Ningrat, a youth cultural activist in Prawira, stated that the majority of his neighbors nonetheless have their houses as a result of they understood the knowledge of residing in conventional picket homes.
Geographically, Indonesia lies on several active tectonic plates, making it one of many world’s most energetic seismic zones. The so-called Ring of Fire is the zone surrounding the Pacific Ocean, the place some 90 p.c of the world’s earthquakes happen.
Meaning in Prawira, little earthquakes happen nearly every day, these with a magnitude of 5 or greater are weekly occasions, and when massive ones happen, picket homes transfer whereas concrete ones don’t.
Though quite a lot of conventional native houses in Prawira have been renovated, even then builders used pure supplies akin to wooden and bamboo, in accordance with Prawangsa, who added that the sight of collapsed concrete buildings have made native residents admire their architectural heritage.
“The standard buildings, conventional homes are nonetheless standing,” Prawangsa advised VOA Indonesian. “The others, constructed from concrete, collapsed. So we should pay extra consideration to the development. We’re situated on the Ring of Fireplace. Probably the most appropriate supplies for housing are pure supplies akin to wooden, bamboo, woven bamboo partitions as a result of our space is liable to earthquakes.”
Indonesian development consultants like Yulianto Prihatmaji, who earned a doctorate in engineering on the State Islamic College in Yogyakarta, agree.
“Throughout an earthquake, the picket development is ready to transfer [and does not immediately collapse] and provides sufficient time for the occupants to flee safely,” he advised VOA throughout a telephone interview. Prihatmaji, who focuses on Indonesian conventional timber constructions, surmised the builders in Lombok might not have used earthquake-resistant concrete.
In a conventional house, the primary entrance entry is low, the strategies used to attach parts of the body lead to a robust however not inflexible development, and the thatch or woven coconut leaves used for the roofs are light-weight. The mixture withstands earthquakes properly, even, as residents identified, the massive considered one of October 20, 1979, which the USGS registered at 6.2 magnitude.
Haji Fuadzi stated the earthquake of 1979 broken fewer homes.
“The homes again then weren’t broken, the roof was manufactured from reeds, the partitions had been of bamboo,” stated Fuadzi, a Prawira resident whose concrete home displayed cracked partitions that appeared near collapse. “It’s very completely different from the present buildings. The ground at the moment was odd cement.”
Rummaging by way of the particles, he discovered the deed to his land and hoped to search out “all of the objects that I can nonetheless use however I’m afraid to enter as a result of it may collapse at any time,” he advised VOA.
WATCH: Conventional Picket Home in Lombok
Prihatmaji identified that conventional Lombok picket homes are small, restricted by the size and span of the pure supplies used of their development. He added that the homes will be dismantled simply as a result of the individuals of Lombok had been as soon as nomads, shifting typically of their seek for farmland. He criticized the transfer to concrete development by native individuals who understand the picket homes as outdated and tacky.
“When the shift to concrete buildings occurred, they prioritized the looks of the constructing, not the structural energy,” Prihatmaji stated.
“It’s our responsibility to be taught extra about carpentry, pure supplies and native tradition,” he stated. “Experiences previously will be the solutions for the longer term. For instance, previously, homes had been smaller. So it might be sensible to return to picket homes sooner or later.
“But when one doesn’t wish to, it’s OK,” stated Prihatmaji. “The necessary factor is everybody understands that they reside on plates that simply shake. So the homes have to be as gentle as potential.”